by clicking the arrows at the side of the page, or by using the toolbar.
by clicking anywhere on the page.
by dragging the page around when zoomed in.
by clicking anywhere on the page when zoomed in.
web sites or send emails by clicking on hyperlinks.
Email this page to a friend
Search this issue
Index - jump to page or section
Archive - view past issues
Australian Cattle Council : Yearbook 2010
22 YEARBOOK 2010 CATTLE COUNCIL OF AUSTRALIA Participating in the delegation were representatives from the NFF, Cattle Council of Australia, Meat and Livestock Australia (MLA) and the Grain Growers Association (GGA). The conference marked the culmination of a two-year negotiating process to enhance international climate change cooperation under the Bali Roadmap, adopted by COP 13 in December 2007. There are 194 parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and 184 who have ratified the Kyoto protocol. However, it is important to note that only 37 of those countries that have ratified Kyoto have emissions targets because they are developed countries (Annex 1 countries). Australia is an Annex 1 country. COP 15 was a massive event with over 40,000 registered delegates participating -- people of all ages from hundreds of countries and from all walks of life. In addition to the official negotiators, there were at least 350 Australians registered with the Australian Government at COP 15 representing various non-government organisations and interest groups. The majority of these interest groups were representatives of the environmental lobby. While there was clearly a strong focus for government negotiators in Copenhagen on the emissions reduction targets that will be adopted by developed countries and by major developing countries, this was not the main game for the Australian agriculture delegation. For us, the focus was on: (1) the international carbon accounting rules; and (2) recognition of the linkage of agriculture, climate change and food security. It is the strong view of the Australian agriculture delegation that we need to ensure that the rules enable our farmers to be recognised for their positive actions. This includes sequestering carbon through their soils and vegetation, and their contribution to reducing greenhouse gas emissions through ongoing improvements in the efficiency of food production. In negotiations, our focus was on the rules on land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF). As the sector most directly affected by changes in climate and with emissions linked to natural biological processes, including nutrient requirements for plant growth and ruminant digestion for protein production, there is a critical need for negotiations on future emissions reduction. This will work towards integrating strategies for long-term sustainable livestock and crop production systems, and food security. Cattle Council has consistently highlighted the fact that the current international accounting rules fail to appropriately recognise the positive contribution by farmers in reducing emissions. While the rules remain as they are, there will continue to be an undue emphasis on trees as the preferred regional land use option. There was clearly a focus on emissions targets within the COP, with a strong push from developing nations for stronger targets. There was clear divergence of views of what is appropriate action in terms of setting emissions targets for Annex 1 countries. Developing countries would like to see 45% reductions by 2020, currently Australia has committed to 5-25%. Unfortunately there is still significant resistance to modifying the rules, particularly from many of the developing countries who themselves rely so heavily on agriculture. Every day it became more evident that the developing countries are resolute that the developed nations should be held accountable for the threat of dangerous climate change affecting the globe. It is their view that climate change is the result of the activities undertaken by developed nations. Therefore, they are not very willing to support any changes to the rules despite the fact that such changes may also allow developing nations to benefit from this agreement. One has to question whether they are so focused on making sure that rich countries take responsibility for reducing fossil fuel emissions and on securing financial support from developed countries, that they are about There was clearly a focus on emissions targets within the COP, with a strong push from developing nations for stronger targets. In December 2009, the National Farmers' Federation (NFF) led an Australian agriculture sector delegation to Copenhagen, Denmark for the United Nations Climate Change conference (COP 15). What happened at Copenhagen